In July 2011, the National Textile Association (NTA) began working on a Section 421 China safeguard petition on upholstery fabrics. The petition would seek higher tariffs and quotas on upholstery fabrics originating in China, including a 125 percent tariff on chenille upholstery fabric and a 75 percent tariff on other fabrics. NTA submitted a petition on July 20, but subsequently withdrew it.

The United States Fashion Industry Association (USFIA) is opposed to a China safeguard because it would likely be counterproductive to U.S. goals related to trade with China and would do more harm than good to job creation and economic growth in the United States.